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CoLLaboratoire for Activating Multi-modal Mobility: One Public Space at a Time


CAMMM Cities Research

The first objective of the research is devoted to the study and analysis of 4-6 major cities around the world, in order to understand how these cities have become successful in shifting urban mobility patterns.

This work is divided into two main parts:

In the first part, we identify, analyse, and understand the best practices in other cities with regards to various qualitative and quantitative characteristics that encourage citizens to embrace multi-modal mobility.

In the second part, we develop a query tool to allow us to compare Montreal’s public transport situation to that of the other selected cities.

Understanding Montreal’s Shifting Mobility Challenges : Policies and Habits

Our social media experiment and survey has been constructed following ongoing municipal policies regarding COVID-19 lockdown and opening up in Montreal since March 2020. Questions were promptly posted on social media as changes in policy were made by the municipal, provincial and national governments. The data was collected though interactive polls on Instagram (@collaboratoire) where the Montreal community shared their experiences regarding how their commuting modes have changed during this challenging time of pandemic.

It is interesting to see how, over such a short span of time, views of public mobility and transport in the city have shifted. This ongoing research is intended to follow the COVID-19 changing policies and how they impact mobility and public transport use in the city of Montreal.

Click each survey question below to reveal their results and corresponding graphs.

List of Instagram Survey Questions

  1. Are people respecting distances on public transport ?
  2. Have you felt the need to remind others of the 2-metre distance?
  3. Have you started cycling now that the bus and the subway seem a bit dangerous?
  4. How many times do you take public transport now with the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic?
  5. What is your preferred mode of transportation during this crazy time?
  6. Do you still travel within the city these days? if yes, what is the general intent of the travel, during this pandemic?
  7. If you are a parent of young school children, how will they be going to school?
  8. How are you planning to get to work when the city reopens?
  9. How did you go to work after May 19?
  10. Are you worried about commuting in the city when the city reopened on May 19?
  11. Do you think that Montreal is taking adequate measures to maintain hygiene on public transport?
  12. Do you manage to avoid human contact in your daily commute?
  13. Would you use a car to avoid human contact?
  14. How often do you use or share a car to buy your weekly groceries every week?
  15. If you do not already have a car, would you consider owning/leasing a car now?
  16. How often do you order take-out per week?
  17. Do you feel safe commuting in heavily impacted areas even with mandatory facemasks?
  18. Do you plan to eat at a restaurant once they re-open? If yes, how will you get there?
  19. Do you plan to go to the hair-nail salon now that they are open? If yes, how will you get there?
  20. What is the first thing you will do when the city opens up?

Click each survey question below to reveal their results and corresponding graphs.

Q1 - Are people respecting distances on public transport?

April 3, 2020

May 4, 2020

May 30, 2020

Launch of new competition in Fall 2020.

Rediscovering the Pleasure of Public Transportation in a Metropolis affected by a Pandemic
Retrouver le plaisir du transport public dans une métropole affectée par une pandémie

Phase 1 Storytelling Challenge for Competition Brief Development
Phase 1: Défi de marration pour l’élaboration d’un dossier de concours

Co-organized by CURC IDEAS-BE, CRC ACME and CRE Montreal.

©Source: BikeShackLeyton

Public transport has been highly impacted through the pandemic in ways that have drastically reduced its use. This is directly related to our relationship to others. Beyond questions of hygiene, it is the idea of public transport that is in crisis when the reflex is to be in isolation and physically distanced. We adhere to the principle that public transport is an essential part of the ecological transition of our cities. If citizens shift from public transport back to private vehicles, we can predict a doubling of the crisis associated with the pandemic through an increased environmental crisis.

We hypothesize that by thinking about various ways to regain the pleasure of public transport, we are opening up avenues to redefine a new relationship to urbanity and the sharing of public space while contributing to the ecological transition.  Re-imagining the pleasure of public transport, metro, bus, and tramway, means re-imagining the pleasure of living in a sustainable city. This two-phase competition is aimed at students in arts, design, engineering, architecture, psychology, sociology, finance, management. In the first phase you are asked to produce two texts that correspond to the symmetry dystopia – utopia.

Notre relation aux transports public a été et reste considérablement affectée par les effets de la pandémie sur notre relation aux autres. Au-delà des questions sanitaires c’est l’idée même de « transport public » qui se trouve en crise quand les réflexes sont à l’isolement et à la distanciation. Nous adhérons au principe voulant que le transport public est incontournable dans la transition écologique de nos villes. Si les citoyens délaissent les transports publics au profit des véhicules individuels on peut prédire un redoublement de la crise associée à la pandémie par une crise environnementale accrue.

Nous faisons l’hypothèse qu’en réfléchissant à divers moyens de retrouver le plaisir du transport public, nous ouvrons des pistes pour redéfinir une nouvelle relation à l’urbanité et au partage de l’espace public tout en contribuant a la transition écologique.  Ré-imaginer le plaisir du transport public, du métro, du bus, du tramway, c’est ré-imaginer le plaisir de vivre dans une ville durable. Ce concours en deux phases s’adresse aux étudiants en arts, design, ingénierie, architecture, psychologie, sociologie, finances, management. Dans une première phase il vous est demandé de produire deux textes répondant à la symétrie dystopie – utopie.

Project: CoLLaboratoire for Activating Multi-Modal Mobility: One Public Space at a Time 

Funding: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC) Partnership Development Grant


The overall goal of this partnership is to raise awareness and encourage behavior shifts towards more sustainable urban mobility by understanding how public spaces can become knowledge exchange nodes. Its aims to move the climate change conversation into our community (raising awareness) and to awaken environmental behavior (engagement) to empower citizens to change their urban mobility behavior.

The first objective is to identify, analyze, and understand the best practices in other cities in North America and Europe for public space interventions that encourage citizens to embrace multi-modal mobility. The second objective is to test, through a series of community workshops, in three different areas in the City of Montreal, these methods (along with others). The workshops will allow the co-development of ideas for public spaces – ideas that will help citizens better understand issues related to multi-modal mobility and encourage behavior shifts. The ideas developed during the workshops will be presented in exhibitions, both online and in the public realm to further build dialogues with the community. The third objective is to develop these exercises, tools, and methods, into an exportable platform.


Carmela Cucuzzella
Anne Cormier
Carolyn Hatch
Zachary Patterson
Pierre Gauthier

Research Assistants:

Morteza Hazbei
Amelie Tremblay
Sherif Goubran
Firdous Nizar
Omar Ortiz Meraz
Mohammad Abdol-rezazadeh
Fatemeh Mehrzad

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